When you’re looking for a new pet, dental disease probably isn’t at top of mind. But it is a fact that certain breeds are more prone to periodontal disease and bad breath than others. And if you knew the dangers of gum disease, you’d be worried.
Gingivitis is an infection of the mouth that can spread to the organs and eventually lead to death. Oral health is that serious.
This all isn’t to say that you should avoid getting dogs that are prone to dental disease, but you should know what you’re getting in to. If you have or are considering adopting one of the following breeds, it’s crucial to incorporate some form of dental maintenance into your daily routine.
Collies are a breed that’s prone to an overbite, and any bite problems can exacerbate poor oral hygiene. When the teeth aren’t lined up properly, it’s easier for food and particles to become lodged between teeth.
If you have the means, you may consider getting your Collie’s bite corrected with interceptive orthodontics. This must be done when the dog is young and his bones are still forming.
Pugs are notorious for having dental issues, including malocclusions and tooth crowding. Tooth crowding can lead to nooks and crannies in the mouth where particles and food get stuck. This causes a breeding ground for bacteria. If you have a pug, monitor the state of her mouth often. Look for areas where food may get stuck to see if there is any plaque or tartar buildup. If her mouth is clearly in poor health with a great deal of tartar, you may need to schedule a dental cleaning with the veterinarian.
Yorkies and all toy breed dogs are more likely to have dental disease than larger dogs. Deciduous teeth are the reason. These are baby teeth that never fall out of the mouth, and they’ll grow directly above the adult tooth. Naturally, this creates a space where bacteria will flourish. If your small breed puppy has deciduous teeth as an adult, you will need to visit the vet to have them removed.
Another reason why toy breeds have poor dental health is because their mouths are so small. They have the same number of teeth as larger dogs, and they have to fit all those teeth in a tiny mouth. This causes overcrowding, which can invite plaque and tartar.
If you have a breed that is more prone to dental disease and bad breath, good oral hygiene is crucial. You may need to discuss options with your vet, such as orthodontics or extractions, but you should also implement a daily care regimen. This may include tooth brushing, dental chews and a good all-natural dental spray.